Military Encampments of the English Civil Wars 1639-1659, by A.J. Rowland
Booklet published by Stuart Press, 28 pages. A5 size booklet (N6628X1)
The practice of quartering troops in several villages had the disadvantage of dispersing an army over many square miles and much time had to be wasted in reforming the army before resuming the march. The army would be transformed into small isolated units vulnerable to 'beating up of quarters'. It was largely for this reason that Orrery considered that armies should ideally always quarter in the field within an entrenched campsite....
Whenever possible an army on campaign during the Civil War, making an over-night halt, would not camp but quarter in a town or in several villages and hamlets. Quarters for the army would be selected by the Quarter-masters and their assistants who would ride ahead to make the necessary arrangements before the arrival of the main force. The officers took the more select lodgings, according to their rank, as 'guests' in the manor houses of the local gentry, in the houses of the wealthier sort and in local inns. Meanwhile the common soldiers would be given free-quarter in the cottages of the labouring classes. 'Free quarter' involved the issuing of tickets or promissory notes, by quarter-masters, to those who were obliged to take in and feed soldiers. In theory these were supposed to be honoured at a later date but, with certain exceptions such as the more organised New Model Army after 1645, all too often they were worthless. Often a public building, such as a meeting hall or church, also became an impromptu barracks. In March 1643 Beville Grenvile's regiment used the church at Launceton as their billet. They must have found the cold granite very unwelcoming despite the candles and firewood that Grenvile obtained for them. Barns and outhouses would also be used. After being withdrawn from Campden House, on May 9th 1645, to join the King's field army, Sir Henry Bard's regiment offoot were quartered the following night in some outhouses, near Inkberrow, Worcestershire, where several horses were lost when an accidental fire destroyed their billet. Sometimes soldiers were forced to find even less salubrious quarters. Sergeant Nehemiah Wharton of Denzil Holles' regiment was at Long Buckby on September 3rd 1642 .. " ... where we had hard quarter, insomuch that many of our Captains could get no Jodging, and our soldiers were glad to dispossess the very swine, and as many as could quartered in the church."
The three sorts of military encampment in the 17th century were identified by Roger Boyle, Earl of Orrery in his 'Treatise of the art of war': "The Temporary Camp, which is for a night, or some short space"; "The Standing Camp, ... in which armies are lodged for some time; either to avoid being necessitated to fight, till they saw a fitting time, or for some other great design"; And the "Besieging Camp". Orrery was writing in 1677 but his experience of war dated back to the civil war and the conflicts in Ireland. It is the first of his categories, the Temporary camp, with which this study is primarily concerned.From the opening page:
The condition of the booklet is generally very good. The cover has one or two minor scuffs, but the staple spine is intact, and all pages are intact, unblemished and tightly bound.
There is a small price sticker on the rear side cover.